Rubicon Technology (RBCN)
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Rubicon Technology, Inc. (Rubicon) is an electronic materials provider that develops, manufactures and sells monocrystalline sapphire and other crystalline products for light-emitting diodes (LEDs), radio frequency integrated circuits (RFICs), blue laser diodes, optoelectronics and other optical applications.

Rubicon is an integrated manufacturer of sapphire substrates and optical windows, which are used in a range of applications. The product line includes two to four inch sapphire cores and wafers for use in LEDs and blue laser diodes for lighting and electronic applications. In addition, it sells six inch sapphire wafers that are used in the same LED applications and for Silicon-on-Sapphire (SOS) RFICs, as well as products for military, aerospace, sensor and other applications. As of December 31, 2011, the revenue from the Asian, North American and European markets accounted for 87%, 9% and 4%.

It also produces cores and wafers of up to 12 inches in diameter to support LED and RFIC production. It also developed large diameter circular and rectangular sapphire windows for use in various optical window applications. Products are made to varying specifications, such as crystal planar orientations and thicknesses. The Company’s manufacturing, research and development, sales and marketing, and administrative activities are concentrated in three facilities in the Chicago metropolitan area and one facility in Penang, Malaysia. The Company’s revenue consists of sales of sapphire materials sold in core, as-cut, as-ground and polished wafer forms in two, three, four, six and eight inch diameters as well as optical materials sold as blanks or polished windows. Products are made to varying specifications, such as crystal planar orientations and thicknesses.

As of December 31, 2011, it had approximately 102,600 square feet of manufacturing and office space in Franklin Park and Bensenville, Illinois.

The Company offers a range of sapphire products designed to meet the stringent specifications of its customers. Using its ES2 technology, it grows sapphire boules. The Company fabricate its products from the boules and sell them in four general categories, such as core, as-cut, as-ground and polished. As of December 31, 2011, the Company offers two inch, three inch, four inch, six inch and eight inch diameter wafers, in C, R, A, and M planar orientations. A sapphire crystal has multiple orientation planes resulting from its crystalline structure symmetry. The core product line consists of the sapphire cores drilled from sapphire boules with high-precision. During 2011, the sale of core products accounted for 46% of the Company’s revenue. The Company as-cut product line consists of sapphire cores sliced using a wire saw machine. During 2011, sales of as-cut wafers accounted for less than 10% of its revenue. The Company’s as-ground product line consists of cut sapphire wafers that undergo a double-sided lapping and edge grinding process. The lapping process ensures that the surface of the wafer is flat and smooth and has a high degree of parallelism. The grinding process bevels the edges of the wafers, making them more durable and less susceptible to chipping and cracking. During 2011, the Company’s sales of as-ground wafers accounted for less than 10% of its revenue.

The Company’s polished product line consists of finely polished, ultra-clean, six and eight inch sapphire wafers. Its polished wafers undergo two polishing phases, including both a mechanical and a chemical mechanical planarization phase. During 2011, the Company’s sales of polished wafers accounted for 49%. Rubicon also offers optically-polished windows and ground window blanks of sapphire and various fluoride compounds, such as calcium, barium and magnesium fluoride. The Company provides sapphire and other crystal products in many sizes, shapes and product formats for specialty applications.

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